Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatment

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is defined as continuous and excessive concern or anxiousness about everyday life, which frequently interferes with daily tasks and interpersonal connections.

Generalized anxiety disorder is very common nowadays. It affects 3.1% of the population (about 6.8 million adults) in the United States each year. It is more prevalent in women.

Causes of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

The actual causes of GAD remains unclear. However, it is most likely caused by a combination of various factors such as:

  • Genetics

Some evidence suggests that having a family history of GAD increases the likelihood of acquiring it. Children of persons with GAD, for example, are more likely to develop the disorder than those of non-GAD parents.

  • Brain Chemistry and Structure

Differences in brain function may raise the likelihood of having an anxiety disorder. People with GAD have variations in brain anatomy in neuroimaging investigations employing functional MRI images.

People with GAD and other anxiety disorders often have an imbalance of serotonin and other brain chemicals.

How is Generalized Anxiety Disorder treated?

Generalized anxiety disorder mainly includes two types of treatments. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and Acceptance Commitment therapy (ACT) are the therapies that are commonly used for anxiety.

If you and your healthcare practitioner determine that medicine will be fine with the treatment of the patient, then there are various type of medicines for anxiety treatment.

It’s important to understand that first-choice medication can increase anxiety symptoms over time. This implies that they may take a few weeks to take action.

If your doctor gives you short term medication then he also assigns you some therapies to work on.


Treatment choices for GAD are determined on the severity of the symptoms and any other underlying diseases.

Many patients require a mix of therapies, such as psychotherapy and lifestyle modifications. Medications may also be needed.


Working with a therapist can help patients better control their symptoms. Doctors and mental health experts frequently prescribe cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety since it is both safe and effective.

According to research, CBT lowers concern in persons with GAD, with results comparable to medicines and more effective 6 months after therapy completion.

Mindfulness-based therapies and acceptance and commitment therapy are other promising treatments for GAD. This is a sort of treatment that involves both acceptance and mindfulness.



Doctors typically prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors to treat GAD. These medications might take many weeks to work.


This is an anti-anxiety medicine that alleviates physical symptoms of anxiety. Buspirone may take many weeks to take action.


Doctors may occasionally prescribe benzodiazepines to treat short-term anxiety. These drugs are quick-acting yet very habit-forming, so they may not be appropriate for persons with a history of addiction.

Short-term medicines:

If your anxiety interferes with your everyday life, you may be unable to wait weeks for medicine to work. You might need something to alleviate your discomfort rapidly.

Perhaps you’ve been taking an SSRI or SNRI, but it will not work as you planned. Your doctor may recommend a medicine to increase the efficacy of the SSRI or SNRI.

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